Teaching Time for beginners
Our pupils find difficulties while dealing with lessons that focus on time like daily activities.They get confused when they use the clock’s hands and transfer them into numbers and letters.During this lesson,you will find many hand made ideas that will help you to facilitate the lesson for your learners and to make sure that they have understood .
1.The lead in :
This stage is very important since it motivates learners and breaks the ice.As a teacher, start your lesson with a puzzle game.Provide your learners with a code and letters in disorder.The pupils follow the code and order the letters to get the word CLOCK.
Pupils will follow the code and order the letters.
This activity helps them to revise the alphabet.
And at the same time it pushes learners to analyse.
At the end they get the key word CLOCK.
At this level,you ask them ;’Do you know what is a clock ?”what does the clock tell?””‘you help them by showing a real clock.
This is a clock ,it has three hands ,’Do you know what do they refer to!?’,they refer to hours,minutes and seconds.so,the clock tells the time.
*You can use some mathematics as well;1h=60mn ;1mn=60seconds…………….etc
Now your learners are ready to start the lesson.
2.Pre-listening: Put your learners in a real life problem solving situation.
Learning situation:Your little sister does not know how to tell the time in English.Use the following games to learn and to teach her.
Stick a clock that you have designed yourself on the board with some puzzle pieces then ask pupils to look,listen then match the pieces.'(The teacher uses a real clock to show the time and to utter it ).
Pupils pass to the board to do the task themselves.After you finish the task ,pupils will isolate,analyse then set the rule with no help .(learners centered)
This activity is useful for kinesthetic_tactile learning styles.
Example:The teacher takes the clock and points the hands to THREE O’CLOCK, then he says three o’clock.Pupils look at the clock,listen to the time repeat it then pass to the board and match the word o’clock with the word three and put it in the right place.
Pupils get the rule and then they copy it down.They learn implicitly when do we use past and to ,when do we use quarter,half,o’clock….etc
Now ,your learners are ready to tell the time without help.
Provide them with this puzzle in which they match the clock with time in letters and numbers
*Stick the clocks on the board then learners match the other pieces.
I draw faces on the clocks to make it funnier.
While the pupils pass to the board,they should communicate so I give them a soft ball and I ask them to ask and answer.
What time is it?…………………It is……………………
To make sure that the majority of learners have participated.
*How to design those materials yourselves.
Most of the time,when you want to apply your personal ideas,you don’t find the suitable materials ,so it’s high time to be creative and to design your own materials.
1.You need coloured hard papers,a pair of scissors,a tape of scotch and coloured markers.
2.Draw the pieces,cut them then write the time and draw the clocks.
3.To protect your materials,cover them with a tape of scotch or any other cover.
4.Your puzzle is ready,use it with your learners and have fun.