Teaching simple past grammar explicitly is old fashioned .It makes grammar lessons boring for our kids. Many of our learners get excited when they deal with speaking lessons because they feel open and autonomous .But once they get into grammar ,most of them lose that shining ,sparkling eyes.
Therefore,looking for interesting ideas is highly required .We have to get grammar back to the scene with amusing games. No more boredom ,just excitement.
By the end of the lesson ,pupils will be able to use the simple past to narrate short stories.
*Magic lamp genie.
Grammar: Simple past.
Vocabulary: related to stories
Pronunciation :final /ed/
The teacher sticks different pictures on the board that represent many tales .Then asks learners questions ,or simply ,leaves learners to transfer these non-verbal pictures into verbal messages.
Example: What are these tales?
Which one do you like?
Do you know other tales?
Does your grandma tell you stories at night?
Once we finish the discussion ,pupils get an idea that we are going to talk about tales .Also ,they get that we are going to talk about the simple past implicitly .
1.The teacher divides learners into groups of mixed abilities.
2.Each group has to rub the magic lamp to get a stick with a genie on it that decides on the part of the story ,they are going to work on.
3.Once they choose the stick, they take an envelope with a part of the story.
4.Pupils work in groups to order the pieces of the story.(I used pictures just to motivate slow learners to order the pieces of the story and to get brave to try.) It’s a kid of skimming part of reading.
5.Scanning , pupils read the story ,try to understand (of course the pictures included are to illustrate the meaning of each part) then they have to complete the gaps with the given verbs.
6.Once pupils finish working on their parts, they choose a member from each group to pass to the board and to write the part of the story.
Since each group knows the part of its story, it’s preferable to write them in order from part one till part four.
7.We have written the story on the board ,we have highlighted the verbs ,now learners try to read the story and to suggest a title for it.
8.The teacher asks learners to analyse the written verbs ,what do they see ,what do they notice.
Many pupils talk about final /ed/ because it has been repeated many times ,you can ask them about the other verbs and their infinitive forms.
9.Pupils understand that it’s the simple past ,they have two kinds of forms (one ads/ed/ ,the other changes)
10.At this point the teacher inserts the words regular and irregular verbs under each category.
11.So pupils set the rule (regular verbs stem + ed . Irregular verbs change)
11.We write a list on the board of irregular verbs.
12.The teacher takes three example with final /ed/ and pronounces them, pupils listen and analyse .
They discover that there are three sounds /t/,/d/;/id/
13.For more practice of the simple past ,pupils take a soft ball and ask each other questions about the story.
Example, Where did the magician take Aladdin ?………..etc
14.As a final idea, if you have created a competition, let learners get their rewards or punishments according to their part number.
How to design your materials.
1.Print many pictures to be used.Cut the genie pictures,stick them on popsicle sticks and write on and behind the pictures.
2.Design your magic lamp,and put the genie in.
3.Use the word format ,to design the envelopes( I have used pictures that represent each part of the story ,example part one Aladdin was poor ,part three he got married……..etc).
4.Use the word program as well to write the story and to add pictures to it.Later cut them into parts.
5.Use the word program to write the verbs.
6.Design a case to put your materials in.
I hope you like the idea,I hope you leave a comment down below.
Here is a video on how to apply the idea.
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